Prof. Dr. Christoph Busch, Maître en Droit
Phone: +49 541 969 6055
Phone: +49 541 969 4462
Prof. Dr. Christoph Busch, Maître en Droit
Director of the European Legal Studies Institute
Professor of European Private Law, European Business Law and Private International Law
German-Japanese Workshop on Platform Regulation
On March 13, 2023, Prof. Busch hosted a German-Japanese workshop on legal issues of platform regulation at the European Legal Studies Institute. During the workshop, Prof. Kunihiro Nakata (Ryukoku University), Prof. Naoko Kano (Keio University), Prof. Antonios Karaiskos (Kyoto University) and Prof. Naoko Kawamura (Kokugakuin University) reported on recent legal policy developments in Japan. Prof. Busch and his team presented an overview of the Digital Services Act and the forthcoming reform of product liability rules for online marketplaces. The workshop took place within the framework of the two-year DAAD project "Towards Regulation Cooperation between the EU and Japan". More information on the project is available here.
New research project on platform regulation in Korea
From January 2023, a research group led by Prof. Dr. Christoph Busch (Osnabrück) and Prof. Dr. Byung Jun Lee (Seoul) will conduct a comparative analysis of platform regulation in the EU and Korea. The research project is jointly funded by the German Research Foundation (DFG) and the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF). Further information about the project is available here.
Professor appointed as Advisor to the German Government on Consumer Policy
Prof. Dr. Christoph Busch has been appointed to the Advisory Council for Consumer Affairs, which advises the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Nuclear Safety and Consumer Protection. The Advisory Council consists of nine members, appointed for four years, and provides policy guidance on issues of consumer protection and sustainability. Further information is available at the website of the Advisory Council.
KLRI Global Legal Conference in Seoul
On November 24, 2022 Professor Busch participated as Keynote Speaker at the 2022 KLRI Global Legal Conference in Seoul, which was organized by the Korea Legislation Research Institute (KLRI). In his Keynote Address Professor Busch presented an overview of the current developments in the field of platform regulation in the European Union. Other topics at the conference, which also featured speakers from Italy, Japan, and the United States, included AI regulation and the protection of minors in digital markets.
International Product Safety Week in Brussels
On November 16, 2022, Professor Busch took part in a panel discussion in Brussels at the invitation of the European Commission. Panelists included representatives of consumer organizations, online businesses and national enforcement authorities. The debate focused on the Digital Services Act, the draft EU Product Safety Regulation, and the convergence of social media and e-commerce ("social commerce"). The panel on the topic "Quo vadis e-commerce: What's next for product safety?" was organized as part of the International Product Safety Week.
EU Platform Observatory Meeting in Brussels
On September 20-21, 2022 Professor Busch attended a plenary meeting of the European Commission's Expert Group for the EU Observatory on the Online Platform Economy. The Expert Group advises the European Commission (DG CNECT) on current issues of platform regulation. As a member of the Expert Group, Professor Busch recently co-authored the report "Uncovering blindspots in the policy debate on platform power". Currently, he is leading a workstream on the infrastructural power of platforms.
TrustCon 2022 in Palo Alto
As part of TrustCon 2022, the first global conference dedicated to trust & safety professionals in the platform economy, Professor Busch joined representatives from Apple, Cloudflare and Google in a virtual panel discussion on the topic "Content Moderation - It's Not Just for Platforms Anymore." TrustCon 2022 was hosted by the Trust & Safety Professional Association (TSPA) in Palo Alto on 27-28 September 2022.
European Law Institute Annual Meeting in Madrid
At this year’s Annual Meeting of the European Law Institute (ELI), Professor Christoph Busch and Professor Teresa Rodriguez de las Heras Ballel (Madrid) presented the preliminary results of the new ELI project "Guiding Principles and Model Rules on Algorithmic Contracts". The ELI Annual Meeting was held in Madrid, Sept. 5-8, 2022. More information on the ELI project on algorithmic contracts is available here.
Korea Legislation Research Institute:
Online Conference on Digital Finance
On August 24, 2022, Professor Busch participated in an online conference on consumer protection and digital financial products hosted by the Korea Legislation Research Institute (KLRI). In his presentation he discussed the European Commission's recent proposal for a reform of the Distance Marketing of Financial Services Directive. The KLRI is a government research institution which advises the Korean Ministry of Justice in the preparation of legislative initiatives.
Freedom of Expression Scholars Conference at Yale
On May 1, 2022 Professor Busch participated in this year's Freedom of Expression Scholars Conference (FESC) at Yale Law Law School. He presented his new paper "Regulating the Expanding Content Moderation Universe: European Perspectives on Infrastructure Moderation" (available here). FESC is an annual event at Yale Law School hosted by the Abrams Institute for Free Expression. The conference brings together scholars and practitioners to discuss works-in-progress and has been a fixture on the calendar of leading First Amendment thinkers from the United States and beyond. In addition to his work in Osnabrück, Professor Busch has been a Visiting Fellow at the Yale Information Society Project since 2020, where he conducts research on current issues in platform regulation.
Symposium on Internet Governance at UCLA
On April 15, 2022 Professor Busch participated the symposium "Governing the Digital Space" at the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA), hosted by the UCLA Institute for Technology, Law & Policy. Professor Busch presented his new research paper titled "Regulating the Expanding Content Moderation Universe: A European Perspective on Infrastructure Moderation." The paper was then discussed by Corynne McSherry (Electronic Frontier Foundation), Professor Zakir Durumeric (Stanford University), and Dr. Courtney Radsch (UCLA ITLP). The paper has been published in the UCLA Journal of Law & Technology and is available here.
Modern Studies in Property Law Conference at Oxford
On March 30, 2022 Professor Busch presented his new working paper "Granular Property Law: Recalibrating the Numerus Clausus of Property Rights in the Internet of Things" at the Modern Studies in Property Law conference at the University of Oxford. The biennial conference is a world-leading for scholars with research interests in property law. The conference featured speakers from Australia (Sydney), the UK (Cambridge, KCL, Oxford, UCL) and the USA (Harvard, NYU, Yale). Osnabrück was the only German university represented at this year's conference. The working paper is available here.
European Law Institute: New Project on Algorithmic Contracts
Professor Busch has been appointed by the European Law Institute (ELI) as a Reporter for the new ELI Project on Algorithmic Contracts. The two-year project, which is co-funded by the European Commission, will focus on the use of Algorithmic Decision-Making (ADM), in particular AI-driven learning systems, in the various stages of the contract lifecycle. The aim of the project team is to conduct first an "ADM readiness test" in order to assess the adequacy of the existing EU consumer law and, subsequently, to elaborate guiding principles and model rules for the use of ADM in contractual relations. The project will be jointly lead by Professor Christoph Busch (Osnabrück), Professor Teresa Rodríguez de las Heras Ballel (Madrid), Professor Christian Twigg-Flesner (Warwick), Professor Marie Jull Sorensen (Aalborg) and Professor Darius Szostek (Warsaw).
Lecture by invitation of the Swiss Federal Office of Communications
On November 11, 2021 Professor Busch gave a lecture at the invitation of the Swiss Federal Office of Communications (BAKOM) as part of the workshop "Digital Public Services". In his presentation, he discussed the role of digital platforms in various sectors of services of general interest such as mobility, healthcare, and education. Professor Busch recently published a study on this topic:
C. Busch, Regulation of digital platforms as infrastructures for services of general interest, WISO-Diskurs 09/2021
European Law Institute: High Level Expert Group Meeting
On November 9, 2021 Professor Busch participated in a meeting of the "High Level Expert Group on Automated Contracting and Enforcement in Consumer Cases" at the invitation of the European Law Institute (ELI). The participants of the working meeting, which included representatives from UNCITRAL, UNIDROIT, and the European Commission, discussed plans for future ELI projects on contract law in the Internet of Things. A short report about the meeting is available on the ELI website.
Lecture by invitation of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences and UNCITRAL
On October 29, 2021 Professor Busch gave a lecture on out-of-court dispute settlement in the platform economy at the conference "Digital Economy: Cross-Border Trade Regulation and Online Dispute Settlement. The conference was organized by the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, the Chinese Ministry of Commerce and UNCITRAL. The newspaper "Legal Daily", published by the Chinese Ministry of Justice, reported about the conference and Professor Busch's lecture in its issue of November 8, 2021.
Podcast: Digital Platforms and COVID-19
On September 24, 2021, Professor Busch was a guest on the podcast Ars Boni together with Professor Christiane Wendehorst (University of Vienna). He presented the findings of a current research project on the role of digital platforms during the current COVID-19 pandemic. The podcast series, initiated by Professor Nikolaus Forgó (University of Vienna), is dedicated to current legal issues related to COVID-19 and digitalization. The recording of the conversation (in German) is available on YouTube und Spotify.
49th Annual Research Conference on Communications, Information, and Internet Policy
On September 22, 2021 Professor Busch presented his paper "Rethinking Product Liability Rules for Online Marketplaces: A Comparative Perspective" at TPRC49, the 49th Annual Research Conference on Communications, Information, and Internet Policy, which was held virtually in Washington, D.C. TPRC49, which is one of the foremost conferences in its field, brings together experts from academia, industry, and government. This year's programme featured speakers from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Yale Law School, Columbia University, the European University Institute and other researchers from the U.S. and around the world. The draft paper by Professor Busch is available on SSRN. A video of his presentation is available at YouTube.
Study on personalized consumer law presented at the German Federal Ministry of Justice
On September 21, 2021, Professor Busch presented the findings of a study on future legal framework for personalized consumer information at the Federal Ministry of Justice and Consumer Protection in Berlin. The study, commissioned by Federal Ministry, explores how pre-contractual consumer information could be personalized by using algorithmic recommender systems. The study and a report (both in German) about the event is available on the website of the Federal Ministry of Justice and Consumer Protection.
Conference on Platform Regulation in Korea and Europe
On 27 July 2021, Professor Busch participated in an international online conference on platform regulation, which was jointly organised by the Korean Fair Trade Commission, the Korea Consumer Agency and the Korean Consumer Law Society. The participants from Korea and Europe discussed recent proposals for a reform of the Korean E-Commerce Act. Professor Busch presented a paper on transparency requirements for algorithmic rankings on digital platforms.
New Publication: Putting the Digital Services Act in Context
The research paper "Putting the Digital Services Act in Context: Bridging the Gap Between EU Consumer Law and Platform Regulation" co-authored by Professor Christoph Busch and Professor Vanessa Mak (University of Leiden) has been published in Issue 3/2021 of the Journal of European Consumer and Market Law. The paper explores how the Digital Services Act will fit into the framework of EU consumer law.
C. Busch & V. Mak, 10 Journal of European Consumer and Market Law, 109-115 (2021).
Conference on the Digital Services Act at the German Federal Ministry of Justice
On 14 June 2021, Professor Busch gave the keynote speech at the conference "Digital Services Act - Making the Internet Fair Again," hosted by the German Federal Ministry of Justice and Consumer Protection. Speakers at the conference included members of the European Parliament and representatives of the European Commission who discussed the Commission's proposal for a Digital Services Act and the recently published Draft IMCO Report of the European Parliament. The focus of the discussion was on due diligence of online marketplaces, liability of platforms and the regulation of personalized online advertising. The slides from the presentation by Professor Busch are available here.
Workshop at the British Institute of International and Comparative Law
On 11 May 2021 Professor Busch participated in the Workshop "Applying Product Liability Rules to Online Platforms" at the British Institute of International and Comparative Law (BIICL) and presented a comparative paper on product liability of online marketplaces. The workshop which was organized by Professor Duncan Fairgrieve (BIICL).
Consumer Law Scholars Conference 2021
On 5 March 2021, Professor Busch presented his paper "Rethinking Product Liability for Online Marketplaces: A Comparative Perspective" at the Consumer Law Scholars Conference 2021. The conference, hosted by the Berkeley Center for Consumer Law & Economic Justice and and Boston University, featured scholars from the Americas, Europe, and Australia who discussed current issues in consumer law. The working paper presented by Professor Busch is available on SSRN.